Periodontology and Oral Medicine

Periodontology is a part of dental medicine that deals with the health of the supporting structures of teeth. The periodontium consists of the gingiva (gums), bone, and fibers that attach the tooth to the bone. Gingivitis is an inflammatory change in the gingiva, and if the inflammatory process spreads and affects deeper structures, we refer to it as periodontitis. Statistics show that 30 to 40 percent of people suffer from this disease, which is one of the most common reasons for tooth loss in adults.

Oral hygiene for overall health

Professional dental hygiene and periodontology are performed twice a year to remove tartar in time and prevent tooth loss. Gingivitis and other stages of periodontitis, which occur due to insufficient oral hygiene, are one of the main causes of tooth loss in adult patients. The main cause of periodontal diseases is the accumulation of plaque on the teeth, where bacteria gather. Toxins and poisons produced by bacteria cause an infection that destroys the connective tissue. The gum recedes, and periodontal pockets form, where food is trapped, leading to further bacterial accumulation.

The spread of the infection leads to the destruction of bone and connective tissue, parts of the tooth-supporting apparatus that hold the tooth in place, resulting in tooth mobility and eventually tooth loss. The disease is most often a result of poor oral hygiene, certain genetic predispositions, weak immunity, and medication use.

Periodontal diseases are inflammatory conditions that lead to the destruction of the tissues that anchor the teeth. The first stage of inflammation of the gingiva is called gingivitis and can be completely cured.

Symptoms of the disease

The first symptom of the disease is inflammation of the gingiva, which becomes red, swollen, and painful, with bleeding occurring during tooth brushing. Gingivitis is a curable disease in which, although the gums are sensitive, there is no loss of soft and bony tissues yet.

If the disease is left untreated, the inflammation spreads and leads to the second stage, periodontitis (periodontosis), a chronic infection that affects the gum and the bone supporting the teeth, which can eventually lead to complete tooth loss. Periodontitis is a cunning disease that often progresses with mild symptoms until the disease is advanced. Main symptoms include inflammation, redness, and swelling of the gingiva, the formation of periodontal pockets, gum recession, tooth mobility, and bad breath.

We offer you the following services:
Tooth scaling and root planing
Periodontal disease therapy
Surgical therapy
Bone grafting